IJFANS International Journal of Food and Nutritional Sciences

ISSN PRINT 2319 1775 Online 2320-7876


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Jegan M,Mrs. E. Rekha


During the industrial revolution era, fundamental developments occurred in agriculture, industries, transportation, economic policies and social structure. Industrial development is very important for economic growth and human welfare of any country particularly, developing countries. However, there is a growing concern that the continued expansion of the industries will cause irreparable damage to the biosphere1 . Industrial growth leads to pollution thereby affecting the environment. Pollution is extensively described because the alternate in bodily, chemical and organic characteristics of air, land and water. Industrial pollution has adversely affected biodiversity during the last two centuries and keeps to growth at an alarming rate. In general, industrial pollution generally contaminates almost all the sources of drinking water, releases toxic substances into the environment and affects the overall quality of all the compartments of environment2 .Among all these, aquatic environments are mostly polluted and this directly affects the human health. Inappropriate handling and disposal of wastes into water bodies often causes water pollution. For example, it has been reported that, every day 2 million tons of sewage, industrial and agricultural wastes are liquidated into water bodies worldwide3 . The United Nations approximations that the amount of wastewater produced yearly is about 1,500km3 which accounts for six times more than the water that occurs in all the rivers of the world3 . This created an impact than one in eight people worldwide are deprived of safe and clean drinking water. Water pollution is found to be the major cause of deaths and diseases worldwide. It accounts for the deaths of 14,000 people per day globally and in India alone, it has been estimated that approximately 580 people die due to water pollution related illness every day4 . Major contaminants found in wastewater include but not limited to dyes and pigments, heavy metals, phenolic compounds, pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and endocrine disruptors. Comprehensive descriptions of the priority pollutants are discussed below

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